Individuals that struggle with obesity can undergo a surgical procedure which is known as bariatric surgery. These surgery is an effective treatment to all those that are quite obese as they become resistant to maintaining weight loss therapies such as increasing exercise, commercial weight loss programs and consuming fewer calories. An individual is able to lose weight and also improve their health quality.
Bariatric surgery help in resolving many obese related conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes. The mode of working of bariatric surgery is in conjunction with gastric sleeve, gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding which works by changing the anatomy of the gastrointestinal tract in order to change the fat metabolism and energy balance.
It is required that regular exercise, nutrition, behavior modification among others are combined together with bariatric surgery in the weight loss journey. Reducing hunger and appetite while at the same time increasing the feeling of fullness is resulted by the affecting of intestinal hormone production through bariatric surgery. The desire to eat is reduced when the production of intestinal hormone is affected as a result hunger and appetite is reduced and feeling of fullness increased. There are differences in hormonal changes when it comes to bariatric surgery while comparing to dietary weight loss programs. Following bariatric surgery, weight loss is improved by either enhancing or maintaining energy.
Hormonal changes relating to dietary weight loss doesn’t result to maintenance or enhancing of energy as there is no balance created. Weight gain can be resulted by those per taking dietary weight loss due to presence of unbalanced energy. Bariatric surgery results to massive weight loss as individuals engage in lots of physical activity which reduces insulin hormone and cortisol hormone resulting to production of a number of other factors that reduce the uptake and storage of fat into fat storage deposits. Malabsorption or restrictions are the two ways in which weight loss is contributed through bariatric surgery. In the case restrictions, bariatric surgery limits the amount of food the stomach can hold thereby limiting the number of calorie intake.
The amount of calories and nutrients the body absorbs is reduced through bariatric surgery in the case of malabsorption. The types of weight loss are; laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass and duodenal switch with biliopancreatic diversion. The procedure that involves laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding requires the use of a band containing inflatable balloon that is placed on the stomach’s upper part.
A very narrow opening is left on the stomach as pouch is also created on the stomach. Under the skin of the abdomen a port is placed in which a tube is connected to the band removing and injecting fluid. The balloon that is attached to the band is either inflated or deflated by the fluid that is injected or removed through the port.